What are the Types of Motivation?
There are three types of motivation based on rewards and reinforcers.
We are motivated by money, praise, awards, recognition, and benefits. Extrinsic motivation relies on external rewards to achieve motivation. However, people can reflect a negative reaction when they are forced to do something in exchange for a reward. Most people would rather decide to do something based on their own goals, motivations, or ethic.
This type of motivation relies on a person’s internal values and the reward of feeling good to achieve a positive reaction. Intrinsic motivation calls upon a person’s emotions; joy, relief, achievement, sense of accomplishment, and reassurance. They perform because it makes them feel good. However, intrinsic motivation can backfire because a person might feel inadequate or unable to achieve a high goal for themselves. The person might believe their sense of worth depends on a positive accomplishment.
Addiction relies on internal rewards (a good feeling) and external rewards (praise and recognition) to achieve motivation. However, the internal and external rewards usually fade and this only leaves reinforcers as a source of motivation. This is the most destructive type of motivation. Addiction, whether going to the gym too often or working tirelessly, can lead to out-of-balance issues making this form of motivation the least desirable.
So what are the types of motivation that work the best? Effective motivation combines extrinsic and intrinsic rewards with a goal or task. Often a mixture of motivations can aid in finishing a project. What motivation style works the best for you?